Disabilities (ADA): California
Federal law and guidance on this subject should be reviewed together with this section.
- In addition to the federal equal opportunity laws, most California employers must comply with a number of state and local antidiscrimination statutes, including the Fair Employment and Housing Act (FEHA), the California Labor Code and the California Code of Regulations. See California Disability Discrimination Laws.
- In addition to covering discrimination based on physical and mental disabilities, the FEHA prohibits discrimination based on medical conditions. A medical condition is defined as a condition relating to cancer or to genetic characteristics. See California's Fair Employment and Housing Act (FEHA) - Mental and Physical Disability Discrimination.
- California permits the use of medical marijuana by registered patients with a serious medical condition. See Compassionate Use of Marijuana Law.
- The FEHA prohibits discrimination based on pregnancy, childbirth and related conditions as well as physical and mental disabilities. See California's Fair Employment and Housing Act - Discrimination Based on Pregnancy.
- California Health and Safety Code section 120980(f) provides that the results of a blood test detecting whether an individual has been exposed to the HIV virus must not be used to determine insurability or suitability for employment. See HIV or AIDS Test Results.
- An employer may not test an applicant or employee for the presence of a genetic characteristic. See Genetic Information.
- California cities contain numerous local rules and regulations that govern disability discrimination. See Local Ordinances.