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Disabilities (ADA): North Carolina

Disabilities (ADA) requirements for other states

Federal law and guidance on this subject should be reviewed together with this section.

Author: Michelle Barrett Falconer, Littler


  • In addition to the federal equal opportunity laws, North Carolina employers must comply with the state and local antidiscrimination laws, including the North Carolina Persons With Disabilities Protection Act and the Equal Employment Practices Act. See Disability Discrimination in North Carolina.
  • North Carolina law prohibits discrimination against individuals with a handicap, sickle cell traits and HIV. See North Carolina Persons With Disabilities Protection Act; Sickle Cell Trait; HIV Status.
  • North Carolina law contains a specific prohibition against denying or refusing employment to any person, or terminating any person, because the person has requested genetic testing or because of the genetic information obtained concerning the person or a person's family member. See Genetic Testing.
  • Although several local municipalities have enacted ordinances prohibiting discrimination in employment, the municipalities generally do not take actions to enforce the local employment discrimination laws due to a 2003 ruling from the North Carolina Supreme Court, striking down one such ordinance as unconstitutional. Instead, these municipalities receive complaints of employment discrimination and then refer them to the EEOC. See Local Ordinances.