Employee Privacy: North Carolina
Federal law and guidance on this subject should be reviewed together with this section.
Author: Michelle Rippon, Constangy, Brooks & Smith, LLP
- North Carolina's Identity Theft Protection Act restricts employers in the collection, use and disposal of Social Security numbers as well as other personal information. See Identity Theft Protection Act.
- State law provides criminal penalties to any employer who intercepts wire, oral, or electronic communications without the consent of one party. See Wiretapping.
- Background checks must be conducted for child and adult care workers and, under certain circumstances, for teachers. See Background Checks.
- Employers are prohibited from asking job applicants about criminal records that have been expunged. See Ban the Box Law.
- Personal information contained in a person's motor vehicle records may not be disclosed. See Motor Vehicle Records.
- Drug testing is permitted in North Carolina if conducted pursuant to statute. See Drug and Alcohol Testing.
- North Carolina has laws governing rights of employees to examine personnel files. See Personnel Files.
- North Carolina common law recognizes claims for invasion of privacy. See Common Law Claims for Invasion of Privacy.