FMLA: California

This item is part of FMLA.

The below content should be reviewed in conjunction with the in-depth federal coverage of this topic provided above.

Authors: Michelle Barrett Falconer and Natasha L. DeCourcy, Littler Mendelson, PC


  • In addition to being covered by the federal Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), the California Family Rights Act (CFRA) and the California Pregnancy Disability Leave laws may provide employees with additional rights and benefits. See Family and Medical Leave in California.
  • While the CFRA and the FMLA parallel each other to a large degree, California employers must look at both laws when making any family and medical leave decisions. See Covered Employers Under the CFRA.
  • In order to be eligible for leave under the CFRA, employees must fulfill the eligibility requirements. See Employee Eligibility Under the CFRA.
  • Employees in California may take up to 12 workweeks in a 12-month period for certain qualifying reasons. See Purposes and Length of Leave.
  • California employers should select one of four methods for measuring the 12-month period in which 12 workweeks of family and medical leave may be taken. See Measuring the 12 Month Period Under the CFRA.
  • For CFRA leave an employee's certification issued by a health care provider of an employee's spouse (including a same-sex spouse), registered domestic partner, child, or parent with a serious health condition will be sufficient if it includes certain delineated information. See Notice and Certification Requirements Under the CFRA.
  • All female employees, regardless of their length of service, who are disabled by pregnancy, childbirth or related medical conditions must be granted a leave for a reasonable period not to exceed four calendar months (17.33 weeks) by employers with five or more employees. See Employees Qualified for Pregnancy Disability Leave.
  • An employee affected by pregnancy may be entitled to temporarily transfer to a less strenuous or hazardous position for the duration of her pregnancy or to receive another reasonable accommodation if certain criteria are met. See Reasonable Accommodation for Pregnancy-Related Disabilities.
  • California's Family Temporary Disability Insurance program provides up to six weeks of paid family leave benefits every 12 months through California's state-run disability insurance program. See Paid Family Leave - California's Family Temporary Disability Insurance (FTDI) Program.
  • While California's paid sick leave law took effect January 1, 2015, employees do not begin accruing sick time until July 1, 2015. See Paid Sick Leave; Future Developments.
  • Spouses of military service members may be entitled to take leave due to the deployment of the service member. See Family Military Leave.