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Preemployment Screening and Testing: Ohio

Preemployment Screening and Testing requirements for other states

Federal law and guidance on this subject should be reviewed together with this section.

Authors: Stanley Weiner, E. Michael Rossman, Elizabeth Dicus and Theresa Dean, Jones Day


  • Ohio law does not prohibit employers from running background checks on job applicants, and requires that certain employers conduct background checks. But employers must be cognizant of federal developments on this issue. See Arrest and Conviction Records.
  • The state has removed criminal history questions from civil service job applications. Many Ohio cities have similar policies. See Ban the Box.
  • Ohio recognizes a cause of action for negligent hiring, but running appropriate background checks may help defend against such a claim. See Negligent Hiring.
  • The state does not prohibit the testing of job applicants for controlled substances. See Drug Testing.
  • Ohio law does not prohibit testing prospective employees for HIV or AIDS, but it does provide some limitations on such tests. See AIDS Testing.
  • Ohio allows preemployment medical inquiries and tests, with a number of restrictions. See Medical Inquiries and Testing.
  • Ohio law does not restrict employers from reviewing employee driving records and mandates review if a position requires a Commercial Drivers License. See Driver's Record Information.