Public Sector Labor Relations: Montana
Federal law and guidance on this subject should be reviewed together with this section.
- The Collective Bargaining for Public Employees (the Act) creates a public board to govern labor relations of public employees and a system of negotiation, mediation and arbitration of disputes. See The Montana Collective Bargaining For Public Employees Act.
- The Act guides the determination of appropriate bargaining units of public employees and the recognition of labor organizations as the exclusive representatives of bargaining units. See The Montana Collective Bargaining For Public Employees Act.
- The Act prohibits certain actions by employers and labor organizations interfering with employees' rights, and establishes a process for determining unfair labor practices. See Labor Rights of Employees.
- The Act defines the mandatory subjects of bargaining and the exclusive process for negotiation of collective bargaining agreements. See Negotiations and Contracting.
- A process for mediation, fact-finding and arbitration is also created by the Act. See Mediation, Fact-Finding and Arbitration.
- Special procedures apply for police, firefighters and nurses, whose right to strike is limited. See Special Procedures for Police Officers, Firefighters and Nurses.