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Public Sector Labor Relations: New Mexico

Public Sector Labor Relations requirements for other states

Federal law and guidance on this subject should be reviewed together with this section.

Author: Susan Borowski, Reliable Writing Services


  • New Mexico public sector labor relations are governed by the Public Employee Bargaining Act. The Public Employee Labor Relations Board regulates labor-management relations between employers and employees in the public sector. See Public Employee Bargaining Act.
  • Public employees have the right to organize or refrain from organizing. Organizing is accomplished by secret ballot election unless the union and employer agree on another method for determining majority status. See Right to Organize.
  • The Public Employee Bargaining Act lists specific rights that public employers have. See Rights of Public Employers.
  • There are specific procedures for mediation and arbitration, differing slightly for state employees versus other public employees. See Mediation and Arbitration.
  • The type of conduct that constitutes an unfair labor practice is set forth for both employers and employees. See Unfair Labor Practices.
  • Public employees do not have the right to strike, nor do public employers have the right to lockout public employees. See Strikes and Lockouts Prohibited.
  • A separate statute lists provisions specific to firefighters, EMTs and paramedics. See Hazardous Duty Officers' Employer-Employee Relations Act.