Union Organization and Labor Relations: Alabama

This item is part of Union Organization and Labor Relations.

The below content should be reviewed in conjunction with the in-depth federal coverage of this topic provided above.

Author: Richard O. Brown, Constangy, Brooks & Smith, LLC


  • Generally, labor union organizing and labor relations is governed by the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) which has exclusive jurisdiction over such matters involving private sector employees not covered by the Railway Labor Act. See Right to Organize and Bargain Collectively.
  • Public sector employees are not covered by the NLRA. Alabama has statutory provisions that limit the right of public sector employees to engage in strikes and certain other activities. See Right to Organize and Bargain Collectively.
  • Alabama is a "right to work" state that has state statutory provisions designed to protect the right of employees to work without the obligation to either join a labor organization or to pay union dues in order to be hired or continue to hold a job. See Right to Work.
  • On November 6, 2012, voters approved an amendment to the state Constitution guaranteeing the right to secret ballot election to determine union representation. See Right to Secret Ballot Election.