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- For private sector employees, the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) governs labor union organizing and collective bargaining, so long as their employers are covered by the jurisdictional requirements of the NLRA. See Right to Organize and Bargain Collectively.
- Public sector employees have the right to organize and bargain collectively. See Right to Organize and Bargain Collectively.
- Iowa is a "right to work" state. See Right to Work.