Withholding Taxes: Virginia

This item is part of Withholding Taxes.

The below content should be reviewed in conjunction with the in-depth federal coverage of this topic provided above.

Author: Vicki M. Lambert, The Payroll Advisor

Summary

  • A Virginia resident who is paid taxable wages for services performed outside of Virginia and does not qualify for an exemption from withholding is generally subject to Virginia income tax withholding. A nonresident is subject to Virginia income tax withholding on services performed in Virginia, unless there is a reciprocal withholding agreement with his or her state of residence. Virginia has entered into reciprocal agreements with Kentucky, the District of Columbia, Maryland, West Virginia and Pennsylvania. See Withholding on Residents, Nonresidents and Expatriates.
  • When employees are hired they must complete and submit to the employer Form VA-4, Employee's Virginia Income Tax Withholding Exemption Certificate. Virginia employers must use the form to compute employees' Virginia income tax withholding. Federal Form W-4 is not an acceptable substitute. See Employee's Withholding Allowance Certificate.
  • Employers must calculate withholding on supplemental wage payments differently depending on whether they are paid with, or separate from, regular wages. See Supplemental Wages.
  • Virginia employers must keep certain withholding tax records for at least three years after the tax due date or the date the tax was paid, whichever is later. See Recordkeeping Requirements.