Can I give a polygraph (lie detector) test to a prospective employee for a pharmaceutical position?
Yes. The pharmaceutical industry is one of the few industries excluded from the Employee Polygraph Protection Act (EPPA), which prohibits polygraph examinations of most employees. Employers in the pharmaceutical industry are permitted to use polygraphs (lie detector tests) as part of their job screening process for prospective pharmaceutical manufacturing employees, pharmaceutical distributors or dispensers/dispensaries.
Where polygraph examinations are permitted, they are subject to strict standards concerning the conduct of the test, including pre-test, testing and post-test phases of the examination. Employers in this industry should familiarize themselves with the guidelines prior to conducting any polygraph examinations. They also should be aware that an increasing number of states go beyond federal law and specifically prohibit the use or administration of a polygraph as a condition of employment.