How may an employer determine a job's core competencies?

Author: Linda Segall, Segall Enterprises

To determine a job's core competencies, the job analyst should review the essential job functions identified on the job description; analyze the competencies (that is, the skills, knowledge and behaviors) needed to perform these job functions; talk to the incumbent(s) to verify that the job description and the essential functions are up-to-date and to understand the incumbent's opinion of the competencies required to perform successfully.

The job analyst then should discuss the job description, essential job functions and the competencies with the supervisor and update the job description if needed. Finally, the analyst should assess the information gathered and identify the skills, knowledge and behaviors required to perform the essential job functions. These are the core competencies for the job.