Is an employer required to deduct full union dues from an employee who does not want to be included in the union?
Author: Jed L. Marcus, Bressler, Amery & Ross, P.C.
No. The National Labor Relations Act allows an employer and a union to enter into a union-security agreement, which requires all employees in a bargaining unit to become union members and begin paying union dues and fees within 30 days of being hired. However, even under a union-security agreement, an employee who objects to full union membership may refuse to join the union. While he or she does not have to join the union, he or she still has to remain as a "core" member and pay only that share of dues used directly for representation, such as collective bargaining and contract administration. These dues are normally called "agency shop" fees. A union is obligated to tell all covered employees about this option.
However, in "Right to Work" states, that is, states where an employee may not be required to join a union or pay union dues as a condition of employment, employees are not required to pay even these "core member" dues.