Is gender identity related to sexual orientation?

Author: Beth P. Zoller, XpertHR Legal Editor

Not necessarily. Sexual orientation refers to a person's sexual, romantic and emotional attraction to other individuals. Gender identity refers to an individual's internal sense of being male or female, and how an individual sees and feels about themselves as part of society. Gender identity may or may not correspond with physical sex. Individuals who identify as transgender or transsexual may have any sexual orientation and identify as homosexual, heterosexual or bisexual just as nontransgender or nontranssexual individuals can.