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Bulgaria: Training and development

Original and updating authors: Kalina Tchakarova and Youliana Naoumova, DGKV


  • Employers must provide the conditions for employees to maintain and upgrade their vocational qualifications, and employees are required to participate in relevant training organised or financed by their employer. (See General)
  • There are several types of contract whereby individuals obtain various forms of initial vocational training while employed and/or supported by an employer. (See Initial training contracts)
  • An employer and employee may sign a training contract providing for the employee to upgrade his or her current vocational qualifications, or retrain by acquiring qualifications in another field. (See Further training and retraining contracts)