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Russia: Pay and benefits

Original and updating authors: Irina Anyukhina and Olga Pimanova, ALRUD

Summary

  • Remuneration is subject to considerable statutory regulation. (See General)
  • Wages must in general be paid in monetary form and in the national currency of the Russian Federation (that is, roubles). (See Payment of wages)
  • Employers must deduct from employees' pay the personal income tax that employees are obliged to pay, while other deductions from employees' pay are permitted only for specified reasons. (See Deductions)
  • Employers are obliged to ensure that employees receive equal payment for work of equal value. (See Equal pay)
  • The Government sets a statutory national minimum wage rate that must be observed in respect of all employees in the Russian Federation, regardless of age or experience. (See Minimum wages)
  • The main form of pension provision for employees is the statutory "labour pension" scheme, administered by the public Pension Fund. (See Pensions)
  • Employers are obliged to calculate employees' personal income tax, deduct the sums due from employees' pay and pass them on to the tax authorities. (See Income tax and social security)
  • Employees who are absent from work owing to illness or injury are entitled to receive a sickness benefit from their employer for the first three days of any period of such absence. (See Pay for employees not at work)
  • While an employee is engaged in "official business travel", he or she is entitled to normal pay and the reimbursement of expenses associated with the travel. (See Travel and relocation expenses)