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Spain: Industrial relations

Original and updating authors: Jesus Gimeno and Javier Gutierrez, Jones Day


  • Employees are free to form trade unions and join unions of their choice, and may not be expelled from a union on discriminatory grounds. (See Trade unions)
  • There are several other types of collective agreement, such as procedural "framework" sectoral agreements and cross-industry or intersectoral agreements. (See Collective agreements)
  • Employees are represented collectively at company/workplace level through statutory workers' delegates or workers' committees. (See Informing and consulting employees - general)
  • The information and consultation obligations of employers with regard to redundancies depend on whether the redundancy is individual or collective. (See Informing and consulting prior to redundancies)
  • There are various rules regarding employers' obligations to inform and consult prior to business transfers. (See Informing and consulting prior to transfers)
  • "Community-scale" undertakings must, in certain circumstances, establish a body to negotiate with management over the establishment of a European Works Council or an information and consultation procedure. (See European Works Councils)
  • Workers have a fundamental right to strike in defence of their interests. It is an individual right, but must be exercised collectively. (See Industrial action and picketing)