In Dothard v. Rawlinson, 433 U.S. 321 (1977), the Supreme Court analyzed whether two Alabama mandates resulted in sex discrimination in violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII). 42 U.S.C. 2000e et seq. The first mandate was a statute with specific height and weight requirements for all law enforcement personnel, including prison guards. The second mandate reviewed by the Court was a regulation prohibiting the hiring of women for "contact positions" in maximum security male prisons, which required constant, close contact with male inmates.
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