LGBT Rights by State

Author: Beth Zoller, XpertHR Legal Editor

A number of states have passed laws which protect lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) rights, such as sexual orientation and gender identity. The following chart details such requirements.

Employers should also note that on June 26, 2015, the Supreme Court ruled that the 14th Amendment: (1) requires a state to license a marriage between two people of the same sex; and (2) requires a state to recognize a marriage between two people of the same sex when their marriage was lawfully licensed and performed out of state. . Even though gender identity and sexual orientation are not explicitly recognized as protected classes under federal law, in light of this ruling it is best practice for an employer to review and revise its discrimination policies and provide equal treatment to individuals in same-sex marriages with regard to leave, benefits, compensation and other terms of employment.