Minimum Wage Rates by State and Municipality

Author: Michael Cardman, XpertHR Legal Editor

Many states and municipalities have minimum wage requirements. When a state or municipality's minimum wage rate is higher than the federal government's minimum wage rate (currently $7.25 an hour), employers in that state or municipality must pay their nonexempt employees the higher wage, except in rare situations when an employee is exempt from the state or municipal minimum wage but not the federal minimum wage. Conversely, when a state or municipality's minimum wage rate is lower than the federal minimum wage, employers in that state or municipality must pay their nonexempt employees the federal minimum wage, except in rare situations when an employee is exempt from the federal minimum wage but not the state or municipal minimum wage.

To help ensure that the minimum wage keeps pace with the rising cost of living, many states and municipalities adjust (or will adjust) their minimum wage rates annually. Others adjust their minimum wage rates periodically through legislation or ballot initiatives.

This Quick Reference chart sets forth the state minimum wage rates for all 50 states plus the District of Columbia. It also covers local minimum wage ordinances that apply to most or all employees who work within a particular jurisdiction, in contrast to ordinances that apply only to specific types of employers (such as those in Long Beach, California, and SeaTac, Washington) and to living wage1 ordinances that apply only to employees of local governments and the contractors they hire.

Employer coverage, employee exemptions, tip credit rules and other provisions that may affect the minimum wage vary by jurisdiction. Further details are available by clicking on the state's locality's name.

State Key Municipalities Minimum Wage Rate Upcoming Changes

Alabama

 

N/A

 

Alaska

 

$7.75

Will increase to $8.75 on January 1, 2015, and to $9.75 on January 1, 2016. Will be adjusted for inflation on January 1, 2017.

Arizona

 

$7.90

Will increase to $8.05 on January 1, 2015. Will be adjusted for inflation on January 1, 2016.

Arkansas

 

$6.25

Will increase to $7.50 on January 1, 2015, and to $8.00 on January 1, 2016, and to $8.50 on January 1, 2017.

California

 

$9.00

Will increase to $10.00 on January 1, 2016.

Berkeley

$10.00

Will increase to $11.00 on October 1, 2015, and to $12.53 on October 1, 2016.

Oakland

N/A

Will take effect at $12.25 on March 2, 2015. Will be adjusted for inflation on January 1, 2016.

Richmond

N/A

Will take effect at $9.60 on January 1, 20152. Will increase to $11.52 on January 1, 2016, to $12.30 on January 1, 2017, and to $13.00 on January 1, 2018. Will be adjusted for inflation on January 1, 2019.

San Jose

$10.15

Will be adjusted for inflation on January 1, 2015.

San Francisco

$10.74

Will increase to $12.25 on May 1, 2015, to $13.00 on July 1, 2016, to $14.00 on July 1, 2017, and to $15.00 on July 1, 2018. Will be adjusted for inflation on July 1, 2019.

Colorado

 

$8.00

Connecticut

 

$8.70

Will increase to $9.15 on January 1, 2015, to $9.60 on January 1, 2016, and to $10.10 on January 1, 2017.

Delaware

 

$7.75

Will increase to $8.25 on June 1, 2015.

District of Columbia

 

$9.50

Will increase to $10.50 on July 1, 2015, and to $11.50 on July 1, 2016. Will be adjusted for inflation on July 1, 2017.

Florida

 

$7.93

Will increase to $8.05 on January 1, 2015. Will be adjusted for inflation on January 1, 2016.

Georgia

 

$5.15

 

Hawaii

 

$7.25

Will increase to $7.75 on January 1, 2015, to $8.50 on January 1, 2016, to $9.25 on January 1, 2017, and to $10.10 on January 1, 2018.

Idaho

 

$7.25

 

Illinois

 

$8.25

 

Indiana

 

$7.25

 

Iowa

 

$7.25

 

Kansas

 

$7.25

 

Kentucky

 

$7.25

 

Louisiana

 

N/A

 

Maine

 

$7.50

 

Maryland

 

$7.25

Will increase to $8.00 on January 1, 2015, to $8.25 on July 1, 2015, to $8.75 on July 1, 2016, to $9.25 on July 1, 2017, and to $10.10 on July 1, 2018.

Montgomery County

$8.40

Will increase to $9.55 on October 1, 2015, to $10.75 on October 1, 2016, and to $11.50 on October 1, 2017.

Prince George's County

$8.40

Will increase to $9.55 on October 1, 2015, to $10.75 on October 1, 2016, and to $11.50 on October 1, 2017.

Massachusetts

 

$8.00

Will increase to $9.00 on January 1, 2015, to $10.00 on January 1, 2016, and to $11.00 on January 1, 2017.

Michigan

 

$8.15

Will increase to $8.50 on January 1, 2016, to $8.90 on January 1, 2017, and to $9.25 on January 1, 2018. Will be adjusted for inflation on January 1, 2019.

Minnesota

 

$8.003

Will increase to $9.00 on August 1, 2015, and to $9.50 on August 1, 2016. Will be adjusted for inflation on January 1, 2018.

Mississippi

 

N/A

 

Missouri

 

$7.50

Will increase to $7.65 on January 1, 2015. Will be adjusted for inflation on January 1, 2016.

Montana

 

$7.904

Will increase to $8.05 on January 1, 2015. Will be adjusted for inflation on January 1, 2016.

Nebraska

 

$7.25

Will increase to $8.00 on January 1, 2015, and to $9.00 on January 1, 2016.

Nevada

 

$8.255

Will be adjusted for inflation on July 1, 2015.

New Hampshire

 

$7.25

 

New Jersey

 

$8.25

Will increase to $8.38 on January 1, 2015. Will be adjusted for inflation on January 1, 2016.

New Mexico

 

$7.50

 

Albuquerque

$8.606

Will increase to $8.75 on January 1, 2015. Will be adjusted for inflation on January 1, 2016.

Bernalillo County

$8.506

Will be adjusted for inflation on January 1, 2015.

Las Cruces

N/A

Will take effect at $8.40 on January 1, 2015. Will increase to $9.20 on January 1, 2016, and to $10.10 on January 1, 2017. Will be adjusted for inflation on January 1, 2018.

Santa Fe

$10.66

Will be adjusted for inflation on March 1, 2015.

Santa Fe County

$10.66

Will be adjusted for inflation on March 1, 2015.

New York

 

$8.00

Will increase to $8.75 on December 31, 2014, and to $9.00 on December 31, 2015.

North Carolina

 

$7.25

 

North Dakota

 

$7.25

 

Ohio

 

$7.957

Will increase to $8.10 on January 1, 2015. Will be adjusted for inflation on January 1, 2016.

Oklahoma

 

$7.25

 

Oregon

 

$9.10

Will increase to $9.25 on January 1, 2015. Will be adjusted for inflation on January 1, 2016.

Pennsylvania

 

$7.25

 

Rhode Island

 

$8.00

Will increase to $9.00 on January 1, 2015.

South Carolina

 

N/A

 

South Dakota

 

$7.25

Will increase to $8.50 on January 1, 2015. Will be adjusted for inflation on January 1, 2016.

Tennessee

 

N/A

 

Texas

 

$7.25

 

Utah

 

$7.25

 

Vermont

 

$8.73

Will increase to $9.15 on January 1, 2015, to $9.60 on January 1, 2016, to $10.00 on January 1, 2017, and to $10.50 on January 1, 2018. Will be adjusted for inflation on January 1, 2019.

Virginia

 

$7.25

 

Washington

 

$9.32

Will increase to $9.47 on January 1, 2015. Will be adjusted for inflation on January 1, 2016.

Seattle - Schedule 1 Employers (More Than 500 Employees in the US)

N/A

Will take effect at $11.00 on April 1, 2015. Will increase to $13.00 on January 1, 2016, and to $15.00 on January 1, 2017. Will be adjusted for inflation on January 1, 2018.

Seattle - Schedule 1 Employers (More Than 500 Employees in the US) With Medical Benefits

N/A

Will take effect at $11.00 on April 1, 2015. Will increase to $12.50 on January 1, 2016, to $13.50 on January 1, 2017, and to $15.00 on January 1, 2018.

Seattle - Schedule 2 Employers (500 or Fewer Employees in the US)

N/A

Will take effect at $10.00 on April 1, 2015. Will increase to $10.50 on January 1, 2016, to $11.00 on January 1, 2017, to $11.50 on January 1, 2018, to $12.00 on January 1, 2019, to $13.50 on January 1, 2020, to $15.00 on January 1, 2021, to $15.75 on January 1, 2022, to $16.50 on January 1, 2023, and to $17.25 on January 1, 2024.

Seattle - Schedule 2 Employers (500 or Fewer Employees in the US) With Minimum Compensation

N/A

Will take effect at $10.00 on April 1, 2015. Will increase to $12.00 on January 1, 2016, to $13.00 on January 1, 2017, to $14.00 on January 1, 2018, to $15.00 on January 1, 2019, and to $15.75 on January 1, 2020.

West Virginia

 

$7.25

Will increase to $8.00 on December 31, 2014, and to $8.75 on December 31, 2015.

Wisconsin

 

$7.25

 

Wyoming

 

$5.15

 

1The term living wage often refers to the minimum income necessary for a worker to meet basic needs such as food and housing, but it also is commonly used to describe laws that establish minimum wages for businesses that receive contracts or subsidies from local governments.

2$1.50 less for employers that pay at least $1.50 per hour per employee to a medical benefits plan. Employers that derive more than 50 percent of their income from transactions in which goods or services produced in Richmond are shipped or delivered outside of Richmond may pay an Intermediate Minimum Wage, defined as the midpoint between the state minimum wage and the Richmond minimum wage, rounded up to the nearest cent.

3Lower minimum wage rates apply to small businesses.

4$4.00 for a business with gross annual sales of $110,000 or less

5$7.25 for an employer that provides qualifying health benefits

6$1.00 less for employers that provide employees healthcare and/or childcare benefits with an annualized cost of at least $2,500.

7$7.25 (the federal minimum wage) for an employer with gross revenues under $292,000



State Minimum Wage Rates