Key Points

  • Preemployment drug testing is a useful hiring tool for certain jobs and in certain industries and generally is permitted as a matter of law.
  • Employers implementing a drug testing regime must still adhere to certain standards such as administering the tests consistently and in a nondiscriminatory manner.
  • Testing for alcohol use must be treated differently than testing for illegal drugs in order to be in full compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act.

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