Overview: Flexible benefit plans allow employees to choose from a variety of benefits offered through the employee benefit program. Choices often include health insurance, retirement plans and reimbursement accounts that can be used to pay for either out of pocket health or dependent care expenses. Flexible benefit plans allow employees to choose the benefits that are important to them at a particular stage of life.
Flexible benefit plans provide a tax advantage for the employee as well as the employer. Employees contribute to the cost of their benefits via a pre-tax payroll deduction. Using pre-tax income to pay for benefits provides employees an opportunity to reduce their taxes. Employer contributions are tax deductible.
There are a number of flexible benefit plans an employer can offer, including:
Trends: Flexible benefit plans are just that….flexible! Flex plans allow employers to adapt their benefits in response to ever changing economic and demographic challenges. Many flex plans are responding to rising health care costs and a demand for greater work/life balance by incorporating wellness initiatives and an option to purchase additional time off into their benefit options. Shifts to more diverse workforces will more than likely present additional opportunities to expand these plans.
Author: Tracy Morley, SPHR, Legal Editor
Updated to reflect IRS guidance on qualified small employer HRAs, effective November 20, 2017.
Employers seeking to advise employees of the different forms of flexible spending accounts (FSAs) that they offer should consider including this model policy statement in their handbook.
Employment glossary definition of FSA (Flexible Spending Account).
HR guidance on the benefits of offering flexible benefit programs.