Sub-Minimum Wages

Editor's Note: Very low wages are sometimes allowed for individuals with disabilities, students and certain other workers.

Michael CardmanOverview: Under minimum wage laws, employers may sometimes pay certain workers - including individuals whose earning or productive capacity is impaired by a physical or mental disability, full-time students, apprentices, messengers and student-learners - wages even lower than the minimum wage, known as subminimum wages.

The federal government and most state governments require employers to obtain special certification before hiring workers at subminimum wages.

The main goal of subminimum wages is to provide employment opportunities to workers who might not otherwise find work.

Trends: The National Council on Disability, a small but influential advisory agency that is credited with playing a major role in the passage of the Americans With Disabilities Act, has recommended that subminimum wages for individuals with disabilities under the Fair Labor Standards Act be phased out over a six-year period.

If the federal government follows this recommendation, many if not all states can be expected to follow in its footsteps.

Author: Michael Cardman, Legal Editor

Latest items in Sub-Minimum Wages

  • Minimum Wage: California

    Type:
    Employment Law Manual

    In-depth review of the spectrum of California employment law requirements HR must follow with respect to minimum wage.

  • Minimum Wage: Minnesota

    Type:
    Employment Law Manual

    In-depth review of the spectrum of Minnesota employment law requirements HR must follow with respect to Minimum Wage.

  • Minimum Wage: Rhode Island

    Type:
    Employment Law Manual

    In-depth review of the spectrum of Rhode Island employment law requirements HR must follow with respect to minimum wage.

  • Minimum Wage: District of Columbia

    Type:
    Employment Law Manual

    In-depth review of the spectrum of District of Columbia employment law requirements HR must follow with respect to the minimum wage.

  • Minimum Wage: Maryland

    Type:
    Employment Law Manual

    In-depth review of the spectrum of Maryland employment law requirements HR must follow with respect to minimum wage.

  • Minimum Wage: Oklahoma

    Type:
    Employment Law Manual

    In-depth review of the spectrum of Oklahoma employment law requirements HR must follow with respect to minimum wage.

  • Minimum Wage: Massachusetts

    Type:
    Employment Law Manual

    In-depth review of the spectrum of Massachusetts employment law requirements HR must follow with respect to minimum wage.

  • Minimum Wage: Vermont

    Type:
    Employment Law Manual

    In-depth review of the spectrum of Vermont employment law requirements HR must follow in respect to minimum wage.

  • Minimum Wage: West Virginia

    Type:
    Employment Law Manual

    In-depth review of the spectrum of West Virginia employment law requirements HR must follow with respect to minimum wage.

  • Date:
    30 May 2014
    Type:
    Legal Timetable

About this topic

HR guidance on paying subminimum wages to full-time students, apprentices, messengers, student-learners and individuals whose earning or productive capacity is impaired by a physical or mental disability.

Subminimum Wages: Key Items