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Drugs, Alcohol and Smoking: Massachusetts

Drugs, Alcohol and Smoking requirements for other states

Federal law and guidance on this subject should be reviewed together with this section.


  • Massachusetts employers may implement drug-free workplace policies and require employees to disclose prescription drugs that may adversely affect judgment, coordination or the ability to perform job duties. See Drugs and Alcohol.
  • Employers may prohibit marijuana use even though medical and recreational use is legal in the state. See Marijuana.
  • Employers may implement and enforce policies that prohibit the use, sale, possession, distribution, purchase and cultivation of drugs and alcohol in the workplace. See Drug and Alcohol Policies.
  • Massachusetts does not prohibit or specifically regulate drug and alcohol testing of employees or job applicants. See Drug and Alcohol Testing.
  • The Massachusetts Smoke-Free Workplace Law requires employers to prohibit smoking, including the use of e-cigarettes, in the workplace. See Smoking.
  • Employers are required to post "No Smoking" signs. See Postings.
  • Employers are not required to have a smoking policy but may implement one that prohibits smoking, including the use of e-cigarettes, in the workplace. See Smoking Policies.