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Drugs, Alcohol and Smoking: North Carolina

Drugs, Alcohol and Smoking requirements for other states

Federal law and guidance on this subject should be reviewed together with this section.

Author: XpertHR Editorial Team


  • North Carolina employers may prohibit drug and alcohol use in the workplace. See Drugs and Alcohol.
  • North Carolina permits the use of a form of medical marijuana under very limited circumstances. See Medical Marijuana.
  • Employers may implement and enforce policies that prohibit the use, sale, possession, distribution, purchase and cultivation of drugs and alcohol in the workplace. See Drug and Alcohol Policies.
  • Employers doing business in North Carolina that choose to conduct drug testing must comply with the Controlled Substance Examination Regulation Act. See Drug and Alcohol Testing.
  • North Carolina bans smoking in all enclosed areas of restaurants and bars. See Smoking.
  • Restaurants and bars are required to post signs indicating where smoking is prohibited. See Postings.
  • Employers are not required to have a smoking policy, but may implement one that prohibits smoking in the workplace. See Smoking Policies.