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Employment At-Will: North Dakota

Employment At-Will requirements for other states

Federal law and guidance on this subject should be reviewed together with this section.

Author: Lynn Block and Joel Fremstad, Fremstad Law


  • Employment at-will doctrine has been codified as the standard employment relationship in North Dakota. See The At-Will Relationship.
  • North Dakota recognizes limited exceptions to the at-will presumption, including contractual, statutory, and public policy exceptions. See Employment At-Will Exceptions.
  • At-will employees in North Dakota challenging a discharge may file claims against their employers under various tort theories, so long as the employee is able to satisfy an evidentiary burden. See Tort Considerations.