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FMLA: Minnesota

FMLA requirements for other states

Federal law and guidance on this subject should be reviewed together with this section.

Author: Susan K. Fitzke, Littler


  • In addition to federal laws, a Minnesota employer may also be subject to a variety of state family and medical leave laws. See Family and Medical Leave.
  • Under Minnesota's Pregnancy and Parenting Leave Act, an employer with 21 or more employees must provide eligible employees with up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave for the birth or adoption of a child; prenatal care; or incapacity due to pregnancy, childbirth or related health conditions. See Parental Leave.
  • Under the Minnesota Sick Leave Benefits; Care of Relatives Act, an employer with at least 21 employees must allow eligible employees to use personal sick leave benefits for absences due to a relative's illness or injury on the same terms as the employees are permitted to use the sick leave benefits for their own illness or injury. Employees may also use personal sick leave benefits on behalf of themselves or certain family members for safety leave. See Kin Care Leave.
  • Leave is available under Minnesota law for immediate family members of military personnel to attend certain military ceremonies or if the servicemember is injured or killed while on active duty. See Family Military Leave.
  • An employer that provides paternity or maternity time off to a biological parent must grant time off to an adoptive parent. See Adoption Leave.
  • An employer may be required to provide leave as an accommodation to pregnant employees. See Pregnancy Leave and Accommodation.
  • Localities including Duluth, Minneapolis and St. Paul have requirements pertaining to paid sick leave. See Local Requirements.