Hours Worked: Montana
Federal law and guidance on this subject should be reviewed together with this section.
Author: Jason Ritchie and William Dabney, Holland & Hart LLP
- Montana regulations broadly require that employers pay for "…all the time an employee is required to be on duty or on the employer's premises or at a prescribed workplace, and all time during which he is suffered or permitted to work for the employer." See Overview.
- Employers must prevent any work they do not want performed and compensate employees for any work of which they are aware or which they suffer to be done. Merely making a rule against performance of certain work is often not enough to avoid liability for hours which are in fact worked in violation of such rules. See Overview.
- Specific situations regarding hours worked under Montana law, such as waiting or sleeping time, are construed similarly to federal law. See Waiting Time and On-Call Time; Travel Time; Training, Lectures and Meetings; Sleeping and Activities Before and After a Shift ('Preliminary and Postliminary').
- Montana employers are not required to provide rest breaks, but if a rest break of less than 30 minutes is provided, the time must be counted toward hours worked. Employers are not required to provide meal breaks, but if a meal break is provided, it must be counted toward hours worked unless it is a bona fide meal period of 30 minutes or longer. See Break Periods.
- Employees in various occupations are restricted to specific numbers of work hours per day and week, usually eight and 48, respectively. See Maximum Work Hours.