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Labor Rights and Enforcement: Michigan

Labor Rights and Enforcement requirements for other states

Federal law and guidance on this subject should be reviewed together with this section.

Authors: Clifford L. Hammond and Patricia Nemeth, Nemeth Burwell, PC


  • The Labor Mediation Act (LMA) governs the collective bargaining relationships between private sector unions and private sector employers that do not fall within the exclusive jurisdiction of the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA). See Michigan Labor Laws.
  • The Public Employment Relations Act (PERA) grants most public employees within Michigan (excluding classified civil service employees of the state or federal government) the right to organize and be represented by labor organizations of their choice. See Michigan Labor Laws.
  • The Michigan Employment Relations Commission (MERC) is an independent agency responsible for administering the laws governing labor-management relations in Michigan. See Michigan Employment Relations Commission.
  • PERA and the LMA generally prohibit public and private employers and unions from engaging in certain specified unfair labor practices. See Employer Unfair Labor Practices, Union Unfair Labor Practices.
  • If an unfair labor practice is found, employers and unions are subject to penalties. See Unfair Labor Practice Penalties.