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Payment of Wages: Montana

Payment of Wages requirements for other states

Federal law and guidance on this subject should be reviewed together with this section.

Authors: Jason Ritchie and William Dabney, Holland & Hart LLP


  • Employers in Montana may pay their employees in cash, by check, direct deposit or electronic paycard. See Wage Payment Methods.
  • Montana employers may establish the length of their pay periods. Payments may be held for up to 10 days after the pay period ends. Penalties apply for noncompliance. See Pay Frequency.
  • With employees' consent, Montana law allows employers to make various deductions from employees' pay. See Permitted and Prohibited Wage Deductions.
  • With each payment of wages, employers must provide each employee with an accurate, itemized written pay statement. See Pay Statement Requirements.
  • When employment ends, the proper time within which to pay the terminated employee depends on whether the termination was voluntary or involuntary. Special rules apply to payment of accrued vacation, severance pay, sick leave and paid time off. See Termination Pay.
  • Wages are considered abandoned property if they are unclaimed by an employee for one year. Employers' responsibilities include notifying affected employees, filing reports with, and remitting unclaimed amounts to, the state Department of Revenue within certain prescribed time periods. See Unclaimed Wages.