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Preemployment Screening and Testing: New York

Preemployment Screening and Testing requirements for other states

Federal law and guidance on this subject should be reviewed together with this section.

Author: Sean H. Close, Conair Corporation


  • New York imposes several additional restrictions on an employer's ability to conduct background checks on applicants for employment in addition to those imposed by the federal government. See Background Checks.
  • New York City, Buffalo and Rochester are among the cities placing limits on criminal history inquiries during the application process. See Ban the Box Laws Affecting Private Employers.
  • There is a unique state requirement limiting most private employers from fingerprinting prospective employees. See Fingerprinting.
  • New York City goes beyond state law in restricting most employers from conducting credit checks of job applicants. See NYC Credit Check Law.
  • New York protects applicants from certain types of discrimination that are not protected under federal laws against discrimination. See New York State Discrimination Laws.
  • New York does not prohibit drug testing for job applicants, but the state's highest court has recognized a claim for negligent testing. See Drug Testing.
  • The state has legalized medical marijuana for covered medical conditions but an employer may enforce an existing drug-free workplace policy. See Medical Marijuana.