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Public Sector Labor Relations: New Jersey

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Author: John Sarno, Employers Association of New Jersey


  • New Jersey has the fifth-highest percentage of government sector union members. See Public Sector Employees.
  • Almost all public employees can be organized and therefore are eligible for union membership, including supervisors. See Public Sector Employees.
  • Public sector employees, such as state and municipal employees, are covered under the New Jersey Employer-Employee Relations Act. See Public Sector Employees.
  • In New Jersey, a union must be recognized by a public employer if a majority of employees within the bargaining unit sign an authorization card. See New Jersey Card-Check Law.
  • The Public Employment Relations Commission has exclusive jurisdiction over the adjudication of unfair labor practices, collective bargaining disputes, mediation and arbitration. See The Public Employment Relations Commission.
  • Public fire and police departments are subject to compulsory binding arbitration with a limited right to appeal. See Compulsory Binding Arbitration-Police and Fire Departments.
  • Private and public sector employees do not have the same rights to strike in New Jersey. See No Right to Strike.