Retirement Benefits: Federal
Author: Gary Ceppos, CSB Associates, Inc.
- Defined benefit plans and defined contribution plans are either qualified or nonqualified. See Qualified Retirement Plans; Nonqualified Retirement Plans.
- If the retirement plan satisfies the appropriate requirements of the Internal Revenue Code and associated regulations, it is a qualified plan, which can have certain tax advantages. See Qualified Retirement Plans.
- Qualified retirement plans are governed by the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) and by the Internal Revenue Code (IRC). See Qualified Retirement Plans.
- The two basic forms of qualified retirement plans are defined benefit plans and defined contribution plans. See Defined Benefit Plans; Defined Contribution Plans.
- A defined benefit plan provides a specific, determinable benefit upon retirement or other termination of employment. The employer bears the investment risk and contributes enough to the plan so employees receive their retirement benefit based on the plan's formula. See Defined Benefit Plans.
- A defined contribution plan credits each participant's account with employer and employee contributions, along with any gains or losses. The benefit at retirement is dependent upon contribution amounts and investment performance. See Defined Contribution Plans.
- Nonqualified retirement plans are generally provided to select individuals in the organization. These plans do not have to meet most ERISA or IRC requirements. SeeNonqualified Retirement Plans.
- Participants in nonqualified plans may defer paying income tax on deferred funds. See Tax Implications for Nonqualified Retirement Plans.
- Employment taxes for nonqualified retirement plans have very specific requirements. See Employment Tax (FICA/Medicare/FUTA) Implications.
- Hybrid retirement plans combine features of both defined benefit and defined contribution plan designs. See Hybrid Retirement Plans.
- Retirement plans play an important role in helping employees save for the future. See Helping Employees Prepare for Retirement.