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Terms of Employment: Minnesota

Terms of Employment requirements for other states

Federal law and guidance on this subject should be reviewed together with this section.

Author: Angela Rud, Gray Plant Mooty


  • In addition to the characteristics specifically covered by the federal antidiscrimination laws, the Minnesota Human Rights Act prohibits discrimination of the basis of sexual orientation, marital status and status with regard to public assistance. See Minnesota Human Rights Act.
  • As opposed to most federal antidiscrimination laws, employers with one or more employees are covered by the Minnesota Human Rights Act. See Minnesota Human Rights Act.
  • Subject to narrow exceptions, Minnesota employers may not refuse to hire a job applicant or discipline or discharge an employee because of the applicant's or employee's use of lawful consumable products off the employer's premises during nonworking hours. See Lawful Activities.
  • Employment in Minnesota is at-will by default. See At-Will Employment.
  • Employers seeking to protect confidential and proprietary business information may use confidentiality agreements in connection with an employment offer and/or request current employees to sign such agreements. See Confidentiality and Nondisclosure Agreements.
  • In general, Minnesota courts will not enforce employment agreements or other contracts containing noncompete provisions or contractual prohibitions against soliciting customers or employees in the absence of adequate consideration. See Restrictive Covenants.