Terms of Employment: Montana
Federal law and guidance on this subject should be reviewed together with this section.
Authors: Jason S. Ritchie and William R. Dabney, Holland & Hart LLP.
- Montana state laws prohibit certain types of discrimination and retaliation in employment decisions. See Montana Antidiscrimination Laws.
- Montana does not recognize the at-will employment doctrine. See Montana Wrongful Discharge From Employment Act.
- The Montana Wrongful Discharge From Employment Act preempts the state's common law of wrongful discharge. Employees who are not hired under a contract for a fixed term or a collective bargaining agreement may be discharged only for good cause. See Montana Wrongful Discharge From Employment Act.
- In Montana, restrictive covenants are disfavored and must be designed to protect legitimate business interests and to extend no further than is reasonably necessary to protect those interests. See Restrictive Covenants in Employment Contracts.