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Terms of Employment: North Dakota

Terms of Employment requirements for other states

Federal law and guidance on this subject should be reviewed together with this section.

Authors: Joel Fremstad and Lynn Block, Fremstad Law


  • It is unlawful for North Dakota employers, employment agencies, and labor organizations to refuse to hire, terminate, or otherwise discriminate against employees because of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, the presence of any mental or physical disability, status with regard to marriage or public assistance, or participation in lawful activity off the employer's premises during nonworking hours which is not in direct conflict with the essential business-related interests of the employer; to prevent and eliminate discrimination in employment relations, to aid, abet, or induce discrimination or coerce others to discriminate. See North Dakota Human Rights Act.
  • The definition of employer under North Dakota employment law, while slightly varied, covers most if not all employers. See Employers Subject to the North Dakota Human Rights Act.
  • In North Dakota, employees are considered at-will, unless they are employed for a specified term. See At-Will Employment.
  • North Dakota has laws specifically governing the enforceability of noncompetition and nonsolicitation agreements between employees and employers. See Noncompetition Agreements.