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The Unionization Process: Alabama

The Unionization Process requirements for other states

Federal law and guidance on this subject should be reviewed together with this section.

Author: Richard O. Brown, Constangy, Brooks, Smith & Prophete, LLP


  • Generally, labor union organizing and labor relations in Alabama are governed by the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) which has exclusive jurisdiction in these matters for private sector employees not covered by the Railway Labor Act. See Right to Organize and Bargain Collectively.
  • Alabama is a "right to work" state that has state statutory provisions designed to protect the right of employees to work without the obligation to either join a labor organization or to pay union dues in order to be hired or continue to hold a job. See Right to Work.
  • Individuals have the right to secret ballot election to determine union representation. See Right to Secret Ballot Election.