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Unemployment Insurance: Ohio

Unemployment Insurance requirements for other states

Federal law and guidance on this subject should be reviewed together with this section.

Author: Patricia A. Morley, Research and Writing Associates


  • Unemployment insurance is a nationwide program created to provide partial wage replacement to unemployed workers while they conduct an active search for work. Unemployment insurance is a joint federal-state program based on federal law and executed through state law. See Ohio Unemployment Insurance.
  • Employers finance unemployment insurance with state and federal tax contributions. The Federal Unemployment Tax Act (FUTA) was created to finance all administrative expenses of the federal/state unemployment insurance system and the federal costs involved in providing benefits. The Ohio unemployment tax is used only for the payment of regular benefits to qualified unemployed workers. See Ohio Unemployment Insurance.
  • Ohio unemployment insurance is provided under the Ohio Unemployment Compensation Law and is administered by the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services. See Ohio Unemployment Insurance.
  • Unemployment benefits will generally last for up to 26 weeks. See Benefits.
  • Claimants must meet certain requirements in order to be eligible for unemployment benefits. See Eligibility.
  • Ohio employers must maintain certain records related to unemployment compensation. See Recordkeeping.
  • Ohio offers SharedWork Ohio, a voluntary program to help employers retain a group of employees who would otherwise have been laid off. See SharedWork Ohio.