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Unemployment Insurance: Texas

Unemployment Insurance requirements for other states

Federal law and guidance on this subject should be reviewed together with this section.

Authors: Shafeeqa W. Giarratani and Kimberly King, Norton Rose Fulbright


  • The Texas Unemployment Compensation Act governs unemployment insurance benefits. It provides partial wage replacement to unemployed workers who lose their jobs, through no fault of their own, while they seek other work. The Texas unemployment insurance program is administered by the Texas Workforce Commission. See Texas Unemployment Insurance.
  • To be eligible for unemployment benefits, a claimant must meet specific requirements. These requirements relate to the claimant's past wages, the nature of the employment separation at issue, and the claimant's availability to work. See Eligibility.
  • An employer who receives notice of an unemployment benefits claim must promptly notify the Texas Workforce Commission of any facts that may adversely affect the claimant's right to benefits or affect a charge to the employer's unemployment insurance account. See Filing Claims.
  • Employers subject to the Act must keep accurate records and file reports of wages paid or contributions due with the Texas Workforce Commission. See Recordkeeping.
  • Employers must provide certain notices to employees. See Notice and Posting Requirements.
  • Texas offers the Shared Work Program, a voluntary program to help employers retain a group of employees who would otherwise have been laid off. See Shared Work Program.