Withholding Taxes: West Virginia
Federal law and guidance on this subject should be reviewed together with this section.
Author: Eric E. Kinder, Spilman Thomas & Battle, PLLC
- Wages paid to residents of West Virginia are subject to West Virginia withholding even if some or all of the services were performed outside the state. Nonresidents are subject to West Virginia withholding on all wages paid for services performed in West Virginia. Reciprocal withholding agreements are in effect between West Virginia and five other states. See Withholding on Residents and Nonresidents.
- Federal Form W-4, Employee's Withholding Allowance Certificate, is normally used to determine West Virginia personal income tax withholding, but the state version of Form W-4 should be used in certain circumstances. See Employee's Withholding Allowance Certificate.
- The method of determining income tax withholding on supplemental wage payments differs depending on whether the payments were made together with, or separate from, regular wages. See Supplemental Wages.
- Employers must provide current employees with an annual Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement. The form must be provided to terminated employees on a certain date. See Form W-2 Requirements.
- West Virginia employers are required to keep specific payroll tax records for at least five years. See Recordkeeping Requirements.
- Localities including Charleston, Huntington and Parkersburg have requirements pertaining to income tax withholding. See Local Requirements.