How is an Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) inspection conducted?

Authors: John D. Surma and Collin G. Warren, Adams and Reese LLP

Generally it begins with an opening conference where OSHA will go over what is going to happen, try to make sure everyone who should be included is, state everyone's rights and explain why the inspection is being conducted. This portion of the inspection should be brief. Next is the walk-around. This is where the OSHA representative will actually walk around the workplace and identify potential safety and health violations. During this time OSHA may conduct employee and management interviews, photograph the premises and review documents. Finally, OSHA will conduct a closing conference where apparent violations will be discussed, strengths and weaknesses of the employer's safety program will be discussed and potential citations will be addressed.