What types of actions are considered retaliatory?

Author: Shannon C. Johnson

There are two different types of retaliatory actions - work-related and nonwork-related. Work-related retaliatory actions can include the following:

  • Loss of compensation or benefits;
  • Written or verbal warnings;
  • Suspension;
  • Demotion;
  • Termination;
  • Negative performance evaluations;
  • No pay raises or promotions;
  • Reassignment or transfer;
  • Excessive demands and an increased workload;
  • Harassment;
  • Negative job references; and
  • Punishing or disciplining an employee in any way.

Nonwork-related actions that occur outside the workplace and not during working hours may be considered retaliatory as well. Such actions may include calling an employee at home or taking an adverse action against an employee's family member.