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COVID-19 Vaccination Mandates by State and Municipality

NOTE: Due to reduced activity relating to state and local COVID-19 vaccine mandates, this chart will no longer be updated, as of April 6, 2022.

Author: XpertHR Editorial Team

In an effort to increase COVID-19 vaccination rates and combat emerging and more contagious variants, several states and municipalities are now requiring that certain workers be fully vaccinated against COVID-19 by a specified date. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a person is considered to be fully vaccinated:

  • Two weeks after their second dose in a two-dose series, e.g., the Pfizer or Moderna COVID-19 vaccines; or
  • Two weeks after a single-dose vaccine, e.g., Johnson & Johnson's Janssen vaccine.

Some of the vaccination mandates are considered "vaccine or test" mandates, meaning that if an employee refuses a COVID-19 vaccine or is otherwise unable to get vaccinated (e.g., due to a disability or sincerely held religious belief), they have to be tested for COVID-19 on a specified basis. Some jurisdictions may also require that unvaccinated individuals wear a mask in the workplace. However, employees in certain jurisdictions, sectors or workplace settings must get vaccinated against COVID-19 to remain employed.

The following chart reflects:

  • Whether a state mandates COVID-19 vaccinations;
  • In states that do mandate vaccination, to whom the mandate applies; and
  • Any applicable law or government resources.

This chart covers COVID-19 vaccination mandates for both public and private employers. It does not cover vaccination mandates applicable to schools or other educational institutions. This chart also does not address the vaccination requirements issued by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services or each state's implementation timeline.

An indication of "N/A" in chart cells indicates that vaccination is not mandated and there are no applicable government resources or laws in effect.

For additional information regarding Executive Orders, regulations or laws that relate to an employer's ability to address COVID-19 vaccinations in the workplace, please see COVID-19 Vaccination Mandate Exemption Laws by State and COVID-19: Proof-of-Vaccination Prohibitions by State. For more information on issues relating to COVID-19 vaccinations in the workplace, please see Coronavirus (COVID-19): Vaccination Options and Responsibilities. Employers are also urged to consult relevant federal, state and local government agencies for additional information.