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Salary History and Pay Transparency Laws by State and Municipality

Author: XpertHR Editorial Team

A number of states and municipalities have passed laws restricting an employer's ability to seek and/or consider a job applicant's salary history during the recruiting and hiring process. In addition, some jurisdictions have pay transparency laws that require employers to disclose the pay range for a position, either in the job posting itself or at some point during the interview and hiring process.

These laws are part of a broader equal pay movement to advance pay equity. The reasoning behind these laws is that if an employer relies on an applicant's salary history to determine compensation and can avoid disclosing the range it is prepared to pay, disparities in compensation can persist.

The following chart features states and key municipalities with salary history restrictions and/or pay transparency requirements that apply to private employers. Jurisdictions that have no laws addressing these issues are marked N/A.