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Canada: Health and safety

Updating author: Sharaf Sultan, Sultan Lawyers
Original author: Miller Thomson

See the legal services provided by the author of XpertHR International > Canada, including any discounts/offers for subscribers.


  • Occupational health and safety in Canada is governed by specific legislation in each province and territory, as well as federal legislation that applies only to federally regulated employers. (See General)
  • Employers and employees have various duties regarding health and safety. (See Duties on employers and employees)
  • Legislation in most jurisdictions provides for employers to set up a joint health and safety committee in workplaces over a certain size, and for workers to select one or more health and safety representatives in smaller workplaces that are not covered by the requirement to establish a committee. (See Health and safety representatives and committees)
  • Each jurisdiction has its own public authority responsible for monitoring and enforcing compliance with its health and safety legislation. (See Enforcement and penalties)
  • A compensation scheme for occupational injuries and illnesses is provided by "workers' compensation" legislation in all provinces and territories, and is government-administered and employer-funded. (See Compensation for occupational injury or illness)