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India: Recruitment and selection

Original and updating author: Kochhar & Co


  • Recruitment and selection are subject to few statutory rules, except with regard to discrimination against women and notifying vacancies to the public employment services, although women and children cannot be recruited for certain work, and special rules apply to "contract labour" and "inter-state migrant workmen". (See General)
  • Employers are prohibited from discriminating against women in recruitment. (See Discrimination)
  • Private-sector employers with 25 or more employees are required to notify many job vacancies to their local employment exchange, although not necessarily to recruit through this channel. (See Advertising vacancies)
  • Employers are not generally required to issue an offer letter to prospective employees, although employers in shops and commercial establishments must issue a letter of appointment in certain states. (See Job offers)
  • Children under the age of 14 are prohibited from working in many occupations and workplaces and, where their employment is permitted, special rules apply. In addition, specific legislation governs the employment of all or some minors under the age of 18 in particular types of work or workplace. (See Young people and children)
  • Foreign nationals require a valid "employment visa" to work in India, and such visas are granted only to highly skilled and/or qualified professionals. (See Foreign nationals)
  • "Workmen" who have been retrenched must be given priority for re-employment by the employer if it later recruits to fill the same positions. (See Priority for employment)