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Hazy Future: Reconciling Federal and State Laws on Marijuana Use

Author: Beth P. Zoller, XpertHR Legal Editor

Conflicting messages about state and federal marijuana laws have left employers wondering whether they may regulate medical marijuana use during working and non-working hours as well as the ability of employers to drug test employees and applicants. states. This is important because marijuana use can decrease employee productivity and efficiency as well as lead to employee tardiness and absence and have a significant impact on employee safety and health especially if employees are driving or operating dangerous machines and equipment. Employers need to be aware of the state of the law on the federal and state level as well as proposed legislation and how this can impact their workplace policies and procedures as well as how to implement a drug-free workplace policy and discipline employees for marijuana use.