Conduct Medical Testing of Job Applicants

Key Points

  • A job applicant cannot be required to undergo medical testing before a job offer is extended to the applicant. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) prohibits an employer from requiring a job applicant to undergo medical testing, including disability-related inquiries and medical examinations that may be job-related, before a job offer.
  • After a job offer is made, the ADA permits an employer to make disability-related inquiries and conduct medical testing as long as it does so for all employees entering into the same job category.
  • All medical information must be collected and maintained on separate forms, in separate medical files and kept confidential, even if the individual is no longer an applicant or employee.

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