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Pregnancy Discrimination and Accommodation Laws by State

Authors: Michelle Barrett Falconer and Casey Kurtz, Littler

Pregnancy discrimination is prohibited by federal law, and most state antidiscrimination laws include pregnancy as a protected class. Some states go even further by requiring employers to provide reasonable accommodations for pregnancy, childbirth and related medical conditions.

The following chart lists the states that prohibit pregnancy discrimination and require pregnancy accommodations in the private sector.

The pregnancy accommodation laws included are limited to laws that specifically require reasonable accommodations. This chart does not cover laws that involve strictly leave, such as family and medical leave, maternity leave or pregnancy disability leave laws. The examples of reasonable accommodations, which may include a leave of absence, are specified in the law or regulations. The lists are not all-inclusive, and an employer may be required to provide other forms of accommodation depending on the circumstances.

States that have no requirements regarding pregnancy discrimination or accommodation are marked N/A. In the absence of state requirements, federal rules may apply. An employer should check local laws, as some municipalities may have requirements regarding pregnancy discrimination and accommodation affecting private employers.