What is the penalty under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) for an employer that offers health coverage that is not considered affordable or does not provide minimum value?
Author: Alison Hurt
An employer may be subject to a penalty if the coverage it offers does not meet the affordability and minimum value requirements under the ACA and at least one full-time employee receives a subsidy, in the form of a premium tax credit, to purchase coverage through a health insurance exchange. An employer's coverage:
- Is considered affordable if the employee's contribution for single coverage does not exceed a certain percent of the employer's chosen safe harbor; and
- Provides minimum value if it is expected to cover at least 60 percent of a participant's covered expenses.
The law calls for an annual unaffordable/inadequate coverage penalty of $3,000 for each full-time employee who receives a subsidy to purchase coverage through the exchange, not to exceed the no coverage penalty. However, the penalty is adjusted for inflation. The annual unaffordable/inadequate coverage penalty is $3,750 for 2019 and $3,860 for 2020. The penalty is assessed monthly for each full-time employee receiving subsidized coverage.